As the development on most of the internal system nears completion, the fetus now focuses on adding weight and height.
This week your baby measures more than 16 inches in length and weighs three-plus pounds. He is most likely to put on another 3-5 pounds before D-day. The arms, the feet, the face and the body in general is filling in as more and more fat builds up underneath the skin.
The fetus is capable enough for simple activities such as moving the head from side-to-side, swallowing, breathing, sucking this thumb, breathing and pedaling. If you’re little one’s been a vigorous thumb-sucker in the womb, don’t be surprised to see a callus on this tiny thumb.
Your baby’s sleep cycle is more pronounced. He‘s probably taking a nap when you can feel less or no movement and awake and kicking when you feel the jabs. You will also notice that your little one’s sleep cycle is the complete opposite of yours. He is most active at night making it hard for you to sleep. That’s probably one of the reasons why you’re going to have to spend sleepless nights once he’s out. Could we call it jetlag?
As already mentioned in the previous week, the body has started shedding the Lanugo. The eyebrows and eyelashes become more distinct. The brain is also working hard, helping the fetus register and process signals from the five senses.
Changes to Your Body
With every passing week, there is going to be lesser space in the womb causing you to feel ever tiny movement. But, the movement is going to make it a little harder to sleep. As if the backache and belly were not enough! Don’t despair as the movements are an indication of a healthy baby.
Many feel contraction-like spasms during the second half of the pregnancy. These are Braxton Hicks Contractions. They’re not usually painful and very irregular. If you record more than four of such contractions in an hour accompanied with other symptoms such as an increase in vaginal discharge, a hint of blood, lower back pain and severe cramping, call your doctor.
The breasts are busy increasing milk production so that your baby can have enough feed after he is born. It is natural for the breasts to leak Colostrum although it can be a wee bit embarrassing. The other symptoms that you carry forward from the previous week include frequent urination, shortness of breath, frequent urination, occasional headaches, varicose veins and clumsiness.
Best Pregnancy Tips for the 31st Week
- Maintain a kick chart. You can monitor them by the hour. If you feel less movement, drink a glass of water. If despite that you feel no movement, call your health care provider.
- For moms who have not yet started or are in the process, it’s high time you get the nursery complete and well-stocked.
- Don’t stand up immediately after sleeping as it can leave you feeling faint. Sit for a while before you stand up.
- Get a few nursing pads that you can fit into your bra. Invest in a nursing bra that is one cup size bigger than your current size. A snug one can be extremely uncomfortable especially after you start breastfeeding.
You can also continue enjoying your sexual life.